Le programme des activités de SOHRAM-CASRA pour la « journée internationale de soutien aux victimes de la torture » 2020

Chers amis et collègues,

Voici le programme des activités de SOHRAM-CASRA pour la « journée internationale de soutien aux victimes de la torture » 2020.

Ces activités se dérouleront cette année dans une situation marquée par le COVID-19, comme indiqué ci-dessous. En raison des difficultés actuelles dues à la guerre et à l’aggravation du conflit interne notre mot d’ordre pour cette année demeure :

SOLIDAIRITÉ AVEC LES VICTIMES DE LA TORTURE, LES RÉFUGIÉS, LES VICTIMES DE LA GUERRE ET

du Conflit interne

Comme l’année dernière, nous prierons pour les victimes de la torture, de mauvais traitements et de la guerre à l’église Ste Marie le dimanche 21 juin et à la mosquée Berat le vendredi 26 juin.

Le matin du 25 Juin, les enfants vont lancer des cerfs-volants au pied de la muraille de la forteresse de Diyarbakir, comme chaque année, pour protester contre la torture et toutes les formes de violence.

Le 26 juin, nous distribuerons au public la brochure « Les règles juridiques de la détention en Turquie et les droits juridiques des détenus ».

Malheureusement à cause des circonstances dues au COVID-19, nous ne pourrons pas organiser cette année notre pique-nique habituel qui était pour les victimes de la torture et de la guerre (réfugiés syriens), les familles et tous les participants une occasion d’oublier pendant une journée la torture, la guerre et toutes les violences subies.

Avec mes saltations cordiales

Yavuz Binbay

Président

SOHRAM- CASRA

Turkey: Grant early release from overcrowded prisons without discrimination

Statement
 

Brussels-Geneva, March 31, 2020 – While welcoming the current intentions in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on the early release of prisoners due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the OMCT Europe urges legislators to not discriminate against any group of inmates on the basis of political opinion, ethnic, racial, religious differences or human rights activism.

A draft bill currently discussed by lawmakers to reduce prison overcrowding in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak could lead to the early release of up to 100,000 prisoners. With a current prison population of 286,000, the penitentiary system of Turkey is designed to host no more than 200,000 inmates. In addition to overcrowding, concerns over detention conditions have repeatedly been raised by both local and international bodies, such as the Council of Europe or the United Nations Committee against Torture, among others.

An effort to reduce the prison population is a welcome step at all times, but especially when overcrowded prisons risk becoming a tinderbox for a pandemic putting prisoners and penitentiary staff at grave risk.

However, the draft law will exclude thousands of inmates on trial or sentenced for non-violent crimes – notably speech offenses included under the country’s notorious terrorism offenses or crimes against the State legislation – including journalists, purge victims and human rights defenders.

Terrorism charges have systematically been used to imprison and silence journalists, lawyers, political opponents and human rights defenders. The exclusion of these categories of inmates from any early conditional release will constitute discriminatory treatment towards certain groups of prisoners, and violate Turkey’s international obligations, including under the European Convention on Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Last week, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet had reminded States that “[n]ow, more than ever, governments should release every person detained without sufficient legal basis, including political prisoners and others detained simply for expressing critical or dissenting views”.

The OMCT Europe calls on the authorities of Turkey to:

1.            Start the release of the prisoners immediately in light of the rapidly growing danger from the spread of COVID-19, without reservations or discrimination based on their political, ethnic or professional background.

2.            Secure equality of treatment to all groups of prisoners while executing the early release.

3.            Release all prisoners that have not committed any acts of violence, including speech offenses, such as human rights activists and political prisoners, without further delay.

4.            Ensure the well-being of all other prisoners in the country, mitigate the impact of physical distancing in and outside the prison through other ways of online communications, ensure full access to legal counsel if need be through modern technology, and provide access to health services without discrimination in line with international standards.

We will continue to monitor the situation in Turkey and act to support the respect for the right to public health, human rights and fundamental freedoms.

 

OMCT Europe is an affiliate organisation of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) supporting its goals and objectives in Europe, Turkey and Central Asia as well as before the European institutions. The OMCT works with over 200 member organisations which constitute its SOS-Torture Network, to end torture, fight impunity and protect human rights defenders worldwide. Together, we make up the largest global group actively standing up to torture. Helping local voices be heard, we support our vital partners in the field and provide direct assistance to victims. Our international secretariat is based in Geneva, with offices in Brussels and Tunis.

For more information, please contact:

Iolanda Jaquemet, Director of Communications

ij@omct.org,

+41 79 539 41 06

 

Appel aux députés du parlement de Turquie ! – TBMM milletvekillerine çağrımızdır.

SOHRAM-DER

İşkence ve Şiddet Mağdurları için Sosyal Yardımlaşma Rehabilitasyon ve Adaptasyon Merkezi Derneği

Association Centre Action Social Réhabilitation et Réadaptation pour la Victimes de la Torture et de la Violence

Kurt İsmail pasa 2. sokak Tavşanlı apartmanı kat:4 No: 10-11  Ofis /Diyarbakır

Tel: 00 90 412 224 44 77 – Email : sohramder@gmail.com  – Web-sitesi: www.sohram.com

TBMM milletvekillerine çağrımızdır.

31 Mart Salı günü Türkiye’de Meclis’e gelen infaz düzenlemesinde, geçmişte yaşanmış benzer aksaklıkların yaşanmaması için eşitlik ilkesine uyulması gerekir. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi’nin (TBMM), Kovid-19 salgını nedeniyle mahkûmların erken tahliyesi konusundaki mevcut niyetlerini memnuniyetle karşılıyoruz ancak, tahliye kararı verilirken siyasi görüş, etnik köken, ırk, dini farklılıklar, insan hakları savunuculuğu konusunda ayrımcılık yapılmaması gerekir.

Türk Ceza Kanunu Adalet ve kanun önünde eşitlik ilkesi,

MADDE 3. – (1) Suç işleyen kişi hakkında işlenen fiilin ağırlığıyla orantılı ceza ve güvenlik tedbirine hükmolunur.

(2) Ceza Kanununun uygulamasında kişiler arasında ırk, dil, din, mezhep, milliyet, renk, cinsiyet, siyasal veya diğer fikir yahut düşünceleri, felsefi inanç, millî veya sosyal köken, doğum, ekonomik ve diğer toplumsal konumları yönünden ayrım yapılamaz ve hiçbir kimseye ayrıcalık tanınamaz.

TCK’nun yukarda belirtilen ilgili maddesi hükmünce, “Bu mahkûm kategorilerinin herhangi bir erken şartlı tahliyeden hariç tutulması, bazı mahkûm gruplarına karşı ayrımcı muamele teşkil edecek ve TCK, Avrupa İnsan Hakları Sözleşmesi ve Uluslararası Medeni ve Siyasi Haklar Sözleşmesi de dâhil olmak üzere Türkiye’nin uluslararası yükümlülüklerini ihlal edecektir”

Uygulamada hukukun eşitlik ilkesi gereğince:

  • Tasarının, siyasi, etnik veya mesleki geçmişlerine dayanan çekinceler veya ayrımcılık olmaksızın kapsaması gerekir. Bu konuda gerekli düzenlemeler yapılması gerekir.
  • Erken tahliye gerçekleştirirken tüm mahkûm gruplarına eşit muamele edilmelidir.

Saygılarımızla.

 

Yavuz Binbay

SOHRAM-DER

Genel Başkanı

 

SOHRAM-CASRA

İşkence ve Şiddet Mağdurları için Sosyal Yardımlaşma Rehabilitasyon ve Adaptasyon Merkezi Derneği

Association Centre Action Social Réhabilitation et Réadaptation pour la Victimes de la Torture et de la Violence

Kurt İsmail pasa 2. sokak Tavşanlı apartmanı kat:4 No: 10-11  Ofis /Diyarbakır

Tel: 00 90 412 224 44 77 – Email : sohramder@gmail.com  – Web-sitesi: www.sohram.com

Appel aux députés du parlement de Turquie !

Le 31 Mars, la réunion de l’Assemblée en Turquie concernant la libération anticipée des prisonniers, devriez appliquer le principe de l’égalité, afin d’éviter des perturbations similaires dans le passé.

Tout en se félicitant des intentions actuelles de la Grande Assemblée nationale de Turquie concernant la libération anticipée des prisonniers en raison de la pandémie de COVID-19, exhorte les législateurs à ne discriminer aucun groupe de détenus sur la base de l’opinion politique, des différences ethniques, raciales, religieuses ou activisme des droits de l’homme.

Code pénal turc, Justice et principe d’égalité devant la loi,

ARTICLE 3. – (1) Une peine et une mesure de sécurité proportionnelles au poids de l’acte commis sont commises à l’encontre du contrevenant.

(2) Dans l’application du Code pénal, aucune distinction ne peut être faite entre les personnes en termes de race, de langue, de religion, de secte, de nationalité, de couleur, de sexe, d’idées ou de pensées politiques ou autres, de croyance philosophique, d’origine nationale ou sociale, de naissance, de position économique et autre, et de personne le privilège ne peut pas être accordé.

La substance connexe prescrits par le Code pénal turc, « toute exclusion précoce susmentionnée de la mise en liberté provisoire de ces catégories de prisonniers, qui constituerait un traitement discriminatoire à l’égard de certains groupes de détenus et le Code pénal turc, la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme et le Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques, y compris la code Turquie violera les obligations internationales »

En pratique, conformément au principe de l’égalité de droit :

  • Le projet de loi devrait couvrir sans réserve ni discrimination fondée sur des antécédents politiques, ethniques ou professionnels. Les dispositions nécessaires devraient être prises à cet égard.
  • Lors de la libération anticipée, tous les groupes de détenus doivent être traités de manière égale.

 

Sincèrement

 

Yavuz Binbay

Président

SOHRAM-CASRA